• drsandeepwasnik@gmail.com
  • +91 9892924712
  • Make An Appoinment

Total hip replacement (THR), also known as total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a damaged or diseased hip joint with an artificial joint or prosthesis. It is one of the most common and successful orthopedic surgeries performed worldwide. THR aims to relieve pain, improve mobility, and enhance the quality of life for individuals suffering from severe hip joint conditions, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis, or hip fractures.

The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint formed by the femoral head (the ball) and the acetabulum (the socket) of the pelvis. In a total hip replacement, both the femoral head and the damaged socket are replaced. The procedure involves removing the damaged cartilage and bone from the hip joint and replacing it with a prosthesis made of metal, ceramic, or durable plastic materials. The prosthesis is designed to mimic the natural structure and function of the hip joint, allowing for smooth movement and weight-bearing.

The surgical procedure begins with the patient being placed under general anesthesia. An incision is made over the hip joint, and the surgeon carefully dislocates the hip to access the joint. The damaged femoral head is removed by cutting the femur bone, and a metal stem is inserted into the hollow part of the bone. This stem provides stability and supports the artificial ball component. The acetabulum is then prepared by removing damaged cartilage and shaping the socket. A metal cup is placed in the socket, and a liner made of plastic, ceramic, or metal is inserted inside the cup to provide a smooth surface for the new joint.

The next step involves attaching a metal or ceramic ball component to the top of the femoral stem. This ball component is designed to fit into the socket and replicate the natural movement of the hip joint. Once the components are securely in place, the surgeon checks the range of motion and stability of the new joint. The muscles and tissues around the hip are then repaired, and the incision is closed with stitches or staples.

After the surgery, the patient is closely monitored in a recovery room before being transferred to a hospital room. Physical therapy and rehabilitation play a crucial role in the recovery process, helping patients regain strength, flexibility, and mobility in the hip joint. The length of hospital stay varies, but most patients are discharged within a few days. Pain medications and antibiotics are prescribed to manage pain and prevent infection. Follow-up appointments are scheduled to monitor the healing process and ensure the success of the procedure.

Total hip replacement has proven to be a highly effective and durable treatment for individuals suffering from hip joint conditions that cause pain and limit daily activities. The procedure offers significant pain relief, improved mobility, and enhanced quality of life for many patients. However, as with any surgery, there are risks involved, including infection, blood clots, dislocation, and implant wear. It is important for patients to follow their surgeon's instructions for post-operative care, including exercises, medication management, and lifestyle modifications.

In conclusion, total hip replacement is a surgical procedure that replaces a damaged hip joint with an artificial joint or prosthesis. It is performed to alleviate pain, improve mobility, and enhance the quality of life for individuals with severe hip joint conditions. While the procedure is highly successful, it carries risks, and proper post-operative care and rehabilitation are essential for optimal outcomes.